British Coffee Association - Coffee Plant Cultivation
Coffee Plant Cultivation

Coffee Plant Cultivation

Coffee Growing

The coffee tree is a small evergreen of the genus coffea. It has smooth, ovate leaves and clusters of fragrant white flowers that mature into deep red fruits abut ½ inch (1.27 cm) long.

The fruit, which is green when young, turning yellow and then bright red when ready for harvesting, usually contains two seeds – these are the coffee beans.

The coffee tree is a small evergreen of the genus coffeaThe coffee plant prefers the cool, moist, frost-free climate found at higher altitudes in the tropics and subtropics. Optimum growing conditions include:

  1. a temperature of about 75ºF (24ºC).
  2. well-distributed annual rainfall of about 50 inches (127 cm) with a short dry season.
  3. fertile, deep, well-drained soil, especially of volcanic origin.

 

The coffee tree will start to bear fruit three to four years after planting. A coffee tree yields its maximum sometime between its fifth and tenth year and may bear fruit for about 30 years.